Palynology dating techniques
Paleontologists examine fossils of all kinds, but micropaleontology (the study of microscopic organisms) is perhaps the most useful method of dating because the remains of tiny organisms tend to be better preserved, more widely distributed, and may provide more precise age determinations than larger shells or bone material.
Thermal maturation levels in the Devonian and Carboniferous rocks of Ireland.
Typically, paleontological information is used in conjunction with other methods of relative or absolute age dating.
The most important tools for paleontologists are collections of fossils and paleontological reports (with fossil plates for identification) from other locations in the region or around the world.
Micropaleontologists and palynologists work with microscopes or scanning electron microscopes (SEM).
Paleontologists frequently work in conjunction with other scientists utilizing any number of other geochronology methods.
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A relative age is the age of a fossil organism, rock, or geologic feature or event defined relative to other organisms, rocks, or features or events rather than in terms of years.