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Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma: this subtype accounts for about 5% (5 cases in 100) of RCCs.The cells of these cancers are also pale, like the clear cells, but are much larger and have certain other features that can be recognized when looked at with a microscope .For more information about transitional cell carcinoma, see Bladder Cancer.
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma: this is the most common form of renal cell carcinoma.To understand more about kidney cancer, it helps to know about the kidneys and what they do.The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist.In rare cases, tumors first thought to be renal adenomas turn out to be small renal cell carcinomas. Because they are hard to tell apart, suspected adenomas are often treated like renal cell cancers. In: Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Doroshow JH, Kastan MB, Tepper JE, eds.